If your heat pump has gone bad and you need to replace it, you do not have to replace it with the same kind you had. You will find there are many types to choose from. Below is some information about three types so you can choose the type of heat pump you would like for your home.
Air-Source Heat Pump
You will likely find an air-source heat pump in many homes, as it is the most common type that is used. With this type of heat pump, the heated air is transferred between your home and the outside air via air ducts. The newest heat pumps can reduce your energy bills when compared to electric heating options like baseboard heaters and furnaces. There are air-source heat pumps that also include a dehumidifier to offer you better, healthier air inside your home. This is beneficial for anyone that has asthma or suffers from allergies.
If your home does not have air ducts, you can choose an air-source heat pump system that does not use ducts—known as a mini-split heat system.
Geothermal Heat Pumps
Geothermal heat pumps may be more efficient. This type of pump transfers heat from your home to a nearby water source or the ground. A geothermal heat pump is generally more expensive, but the money you save in your electric bills makes up for this cost. You save money with this heat pump because once it's installed, the operating costs are low. This is because the pump uses a constant water or ground temperature to heat your home. Geothermal heat pumps can work well in a variety of homes, they are reliable and sturdy, and they can control the humidity inside your home.
Absorption Heat Pumps
Instead of being powered by electricity, absorption heat pumps receive power through geothermal-heated water, solar-heated water, propane, or gas. Natural gas is most commonly used with this type of heat pump.
These heat pumps provide heating and cooling to your home using an ammonia-water absorption cycle. During the heating cycle, this system pumps heat from the outside into your home, and uses heat energy as fuel to provide the pump with power. This is why this type of heat pump is considered to be highly efficient.
Talk with an HVAC contractor about these three types of heat pumps. They can help you choose what would work best to heat your home.